Today is the 189th day of 2012 and the 18th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1898, the United States annexed Hawaii as a U.S. territory.
In 1954, Memphis radio station WHBQ played a record by unknown truck-driver Elvis Presley, marking his radio debut.
In 1981, President Ronald Reagan nominated Sandra Day O'Connor to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, making her the first woman ever nominated for Supreme Court justice.
In 2005, a double-decker bus and three trains were bombed during the morning rush hour in London, killing 56 people.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), composer; Marc Chagall (1887-1985), painter; Leroy "Satchel" Paige (1906-1982), baseball player; Pierre Cardin (1922- ), fashion designer; Ringo Starr (1940- ), drummer/singer; Michelle Kwan (1980- ), figure skater.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1990, Martina Navratilova won her ninth Wimbledon singles title, setting a record that still stands.
TODAY'S FACT: The Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument in Hawaii is America's single largest conservation area. It covers 139,797 square miles of the Pacific Ocean and is home to an estimated 7,000 species of marine life.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "You win a few, you lose a few. Some get rained out. But you got to dress for all of them." -- Satchel Paige
TODAY'S NUMBER: 59 -- age at which Satchel Paige pitched in his last Major League Baseball game, for the Kansas City Athletics, in 1965. In his honor, owner Charles O. Finley furnished the bullpen with a rocking chair.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (July 3) and last quarter moon (July 10).