Today is the 183rd day of 2012 and the 12th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg began.
In 1867, Canada became a self-governing dominion of the British Commonwealth.
In 1966, the Medicare federal insurance program began functioning.
In 1997, the United Kingdom transferred sovereignty of Hong Kong back to China.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: George Sand (1804-1876), novelist; Walter White (1893-1955), NAACP leader; Olivia de Havilland (1916- ), actress; Sydney Pollack (1934-2008), filmmaker; Debbie Harry (1945- ), singer; Dan Aykroyd (1952- ), actor; Diana, Princess of Wales (1961-1997); Carl Lewis (1961- ), Olympic athlete; Pamela Anderson (1967- ), actress; Liv Tyler (1977- ), actress.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1903, the first Tour de France bicycle race began in Paris. Of the 60 cyclists who began the nearly 2,500-kilometer race, only 21 finished, including champion Maurice Garin.
TODAY'S FACT: More than 47.5 million Americans were enrolled in Medicare in 2010.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The beauty that addresses itself to the eyes is only the spell of the moment; the eye of the body is not always that of the soul." -- George Sand
TODAY'S NUMBER: 156 -- years Hong Kong was formally controlled by Great Britain.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (June 26) and full moon (July 3)