Today is the 178th day of 2012 and the seventh day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1870, the U.S. Congress recognized Christmas as a federal holiday.
In 1945, the United Nations charter was signed by 50 nations.
In 1963, John F. Kennedy spoke the famous words "Ich bin ein Berliner," while visiting a divided Berlin.
In 2000, scientists announced the completion of a basic structural map of the human genome.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: William Thomson, Baron Kelvin (1824-1907), physicist; Peter Lorre (1904-1964), actor; Babe Didrikson Zaharias (1911-1956), athlete/golfer; Milton Glaser (1929- ), graphic designer; Gilberto Gil (1942- ), musician; Nick Offerman (1970- ), actor; Gretchen Wilson (1973- ), singer; Derek Jeter (1974- ), baseball player; Jason Schwartzman (1980- ), actor; Aubrey Plaza (1984- ), actress.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In an unusual 1944 exhibition game played by the Yankees, Dodgers and Giants over nine innings, each team batted for 18 outs, played defense for 18 outs, and watched for 18 outs. The Dodgers won the New York-centric game with five runs. The Yankees scored one run and the Giants were shut out.
TODAY'S FACT: The United Nations currently has 193 member states, including famously neutral Switzerland, which did not formally join until 2002, and South Sudan, its newest member, which joined in 2011.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words 'Ich bin ein Berliner.'" -- John F. Kennedy
TODAY'S NUMBER: $0 -- amount Milton Glaser charged the New York state tourism board for designing the "I (heart) New York" logo in 1977.
TODAY'S MOON: First quarter moon (June 26).