Today is the 175th day of 2012 and the fourth day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1894, the International Olympic Committee was founded in Paris.
In 1947, the Senate overrode President Harry S. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
In 1948, the Soviet Union began the Berlin Blockade.
In 1961, the Antarctic Treaty went into effect, demilitarizing the continent.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Alan Turing (1912-1954), mathematician; Bob Fosse (1927-1987), choreographer/director; June Carter Cash (1929-2003), singer; Wilma Rudolph (1940-1994), Olympic sprinter; Clarence Thomas (1948- ), U.S. Supreme Court justice; Randy Jackson (1956- ), musician/TV personality; Frances McDormand (1957- ), actress; LaDainian Tomlinson (1979- ), football player.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1963, Jimmy Piersall of the New York Mets celebrated his 100th career home run by running the bases backward.
TODAY'S FACT: Host country Greece won 47 medals, more than any other participating country, at the first modern Summer Olympics in 1896.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Within the first few months, I discovered that being a president is like riding a tiger. A man has to keep on riding or be swallowed." -- Harry S. Truman
TODAY'S NUMBER: 38 -- world records set at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (June 19) and first quarter moon (June 26).